What Kind of Products are Protected by Copyrights?

1. Originality

Originality refers to the work is selected, arranged, conceived and created by the author (one or more co-authors), rather than copying or plagiarizing from another work. "Independent" and "Creative" are the most fundamental requirements and the core standards. It doesn’t matter whether the works are clever, whether the theme is novel, and whether it can generate profits or not. For example, a picture drawn by a 6-year-old child may seem naive, but if the picture can express its unique thoughts and feelings through a unique concept, it will also be considered original. In addition, for the various existing film and television adaptations of "Journey to the West", although the themes are the same, their performing techniques and design arrangements are different. Thus, they are also considered to have their originality, so they each enjoy the copyright.

2. Ideology

All works present the emotions and subjective cognition such as thoughts, feelings, opinions, love, and so on through certain expressions, which leads to creations of works such as words, art, and photography. For example, if a phone directory containing telephone numbers of all hospitals in a city is arranged in the order of strokes or Pinyin, it cannot be a compilation under the protection of the copyright. However, it should be noted that the ideological viewpoints belong to the subjective area, which does not belong to works and can not be protected by the copyright law.

3. Reproduction

The work should be fixed on a certain material in a certain form and is perceived by people, utilized, distributed and disseminated through printing, copying, recording, video recording, and etc to realize its social value and make it possible for the author to obtain property value through the use of the work. Copyright does not protect a photographic idea, but protects photographs taken based on the idea.

4. Legal Recognition

The Copyright Laws of all countries around the world are similar but with a few differences. For example, oral works are protected by the Copyright Law in China, but they are not protected in other countries.

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